Mid-Winter Solstice Celebration trip 2013
A fabulous week holiday in Luxor visiting many ancient sites culminating in celebrating the mid-winter solstice at the magnificent temple of Queen Hatshepsut.
16th - 23rdDecember:
Article on Flower of Life by Malcolm Stewart.
The Osirion and the
Flower of Life
The Osirion was originally meant to be entered from the Transverse passageway leading from the back of Seti's temple, but at the moment this passageway is not open to the public, and visitors must exit Seti's temple at the rear and approach the Osirion from above at modern ground level. The first thing of note is the enormous size of the red granite blocks used in its construction, which draws parallels with similar Old Kingdom megalithic structures, like the Valley Temple, and the Sphinx Temple at Giza. The similarities are inescapable - the stark and simple megalithic design, the lack of prolific inscriptions, and the fact that some of the larger stone blocks weigh up to 100 tons. This suggests that the Osirion pre-dates the temple, dated to around 1300 bc, by at least a thousand years.
Inscribed on some of these blocks and visible from the metal staircase can be seen a number of 'Flower of Life' patterns of interlocking circles, which were first drawn to my attention in the writings of Drunvalo Melchizedek. Many wild claims are made for the dating of this pattern, which can now safely be dispelled.
A closer inspection of these "Flower or Life" patterns reveals some very interesting information.
It is clear from the above that the inscription is ancient Greek. The first thought is that this would have been inscribed after Alexander's invasion in 332 bc and before the beginning of the Roman period in 30 bc, when the Greek Ptolemies ruled Egypt. Against this view according to Herbert Weir Smyth in his book Greek Grammar the Digamma "disappeared when Athens adopted the Ionic alphabet in 403 bc. However it disappeared gradually and was still used in Boetia as late as 200 bc." This implies that it could already have vanished by Alexander's time.
So if the letter truly is "Digamma" it is quite possible that it was inscribed before the Ptolemaic period. On the present evidence this seems to be very unlikely but if so what other possibility might there be? We can be fairly sure that Pythagoras had a ten year stay in Egypt from around 535bc. Could this have been inscribed by the mighty sage or one of his followers?
By road Thebes is a about 150 km south of Abydos and journeys between Thebes in Upper Egypt and the Delta would have passed by the Osirion site. Another possibility is the town of Diospolis Parva, which is only 47 km south of Abydos, which has a temple dedicated to the goddess Hathor. On this evidence we can be fairly sure that Pythagoras would at least have visited the temple shrine of Osiris.
We should not forget that when the Egyptologist Margaret Murray carried the intial survey and excavation work on the Abydos temple she found numerous examples of Greek text dating from the 3rd century BC to the 2nd century AD. Needless to say only the decipherment of the Greek text, alongside of the Flower of Life design will tell us more about the originator of these geometric designs.
2008 - Update
Here is another site where the Greek text can be clearly seen :
For an article by Malcolm Stewart on the Flower of Life design please click here.
Some interesting websites to visit with complementary
Does Egypt call to you? Then why not join us for this trip?
The Osirion, which is located at the rear of the temple of Seti I at Abydos.
The Plan of the Osirion
Picture of the Osirion in 1937. The squatting figure shows the height of the columns, which are over 4 metres tall.
The height of the graffiti suggests that the floor level had filled with sand to a depth of around eight feet or two and a half metres.
The writing ICXC can clearly be seen on this block above some of the FOL graffiti. This symbol is not recorded before the fifth century CE indicating the probable age of the FOL graffiti.
Boat graffiti clearly visible on the inner surface of the column with the FOL symbols.
Margaret Murray Survey Extract 1903
"In Coptic times the temple was used as a nunnery, and the walls are covered in many places, with inscriptions in the characteristic red paint of the Copts... some had faded away during the time the temple was used as a Christian Church and fresh inscription painted over them. The black was not so permanent as the red, and had vanished almost entirely."
The FOL patterns are painted with some precision in red ocre.
Flower of Life patterns on the second column. Click image to enlarge.
Another of the Flower of Life symbols.
Note: images have been digitally enhanced to clarify details.
Home |Keys |Profile |Tours |Courses |Books |Articles |Calendar |Contact |Links
All material copyright David Furlong 2013